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Krystyna Konieczny
Politechnika Śląska, Gliwice

Abstract
The paper compares the effectiveness of MBR reactor working on the pitot scale in the COŚ sewage treatment plant (No 1) with MBR in treatment plant ZOŚ (No 2) working on the full technical scale.
In the COŚ wastewater treatment plant reactor was working in hybrid system: biological reactor with classical treatment  ultrafiltration (RM). It was compared the purification effectiveness of the classical biological reactor with secondary settling tank (RB), with purification effects obtained using membrane module (RM) fulfilling the role of secondary settling tank. Membrane installation BIO-CEL®-BC 10 type has been placed outside the activated sludge reactor. In the study the PES membrane (area 10 m2), made by the German company Microdyn-Nadir GmbH, has been used. In the first stage of the work, the results of physico-chemical analyses for raw and purified sewage for both systems, has been presented. The following pollutants indexes were determined: chemical oxygen demand (COD), biochemical oxygen demand (BOD5), the concentration of total nitrogen (Nog), the concentration of total phosphorus (Pog), suspension content, turbidity and conductivity at 25°C. In addition, for the determination of the filtration effectiveness, microbiological tests were carried out to check if permeate can poses a threat in terms of people heath.
In the second part of the publication, the preliminary results of effectiveness of the wastewater treatment for the full technical scale in the sewage treatment plant ZOŚ (No 2) have been presented. For small bulk treatment plant with biological membrane reactors (MBR), exploitation conditions are given. Analyzed treatment plant, as a result of modernization, consists of a compact device for mechanical wastewater treatment and activated sludge reactor. Biological reactor applied PES ultrafiltration membranes made, as in the case COŚ, by Microdyn-Nadir GmbH. Membrane module fulfilled the same role as the classic secondary clarifier and served to separate purified wastewater from activated sludge. Analysis of wastewater quality confirmed high removal efficiency of organic pollutants (an average of 99% for BOD5 and above 97% for COD) and suspended solids (average 99%) in the studied sewage treatment plant.
Comparing the efficiency of wastewater treatment in COŚ and ZOŚ sewage treatment plants, in which MBR has been installed, respectively in the pilot and full technical scale, removal degree of impurities was very high, in the range of 93–99%. The level of contaminants in both tested plants was similar. Obtained very high removal degrees of all determined pollutants, were definitely higher than that obtained in the classical biological treatment plants and definitely higher than the requirements given in regulation of the Environmental Minister [13]. An important achievement resulting from the research in COŚ treatment plant, supported by the results, is statement that permeates quality largely depends on the amount of oxygen delivered to the activated sludge tank and to the tank with membrane module. The best results were obtained for MBR system working in the continuous mode.

Słowa kluczowe:
biologiczne oczyszczanie ścieków, ultrafiltracja, biologiczne reaktory membranowe (MBR)

062. Effectiveness of Wastewater Treatment with the Use of the Biological Membrane Reactors

Keywords:
biological wastewater treatment, ultrafiltration, membrane biological reactors (MBR)

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Zadanie Czasopismo, Annual Set The Environment Protection Volume 17. Year 2015 (wersja elektroniczna) dofinansowane ze środków Ministerstwa Nauki i Szkolnictwa Wyższego