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Rocznik Ochrona Środowiska 2021, vol. 23, pp. 369-383


peopleAda Wojciula1 This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.orcid, peopleDariusz Boruszko1 orcid, peopleAmadeusz Kacprzak2

institution  1. Faculty of Civil Engineering and Environmental Sciences, Department of Technology in Environmental Engineering, Białystok University of Technology, Poland
2. A graduate of the Białystok University of Technology, Poland
mail author This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
doi1 https://doi.org/10.54740/ros.2021.025
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abstract 


Sewage sludge used for reclamation of egraded areas or in agriculture must have a certain total heavy metal content, as required by law. In practice, however, it is important to carry out a fractional analysis of the elements contained in the sludge. This activity allows to determine the chemical form of a given metal, thanks to which it is possible to assess the assimilability of elements by plants. The study proved that the fraction of certain metals in sewage sludge can vary depending on the period studied. The combination of elements with other compounds in sludge from one treatment plant can vary from month to month. Once analysis has been carried out, it should not be the basis for assessing the bioavailability of metals if sludge from a given treatment plant were to be sampled several times a year.

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sewage sludge, heavy metals, heavy metal fractions

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AMA Style
Wojciula A, Boruszko D, Kacprzak A. Distribution of Heavy Metal Fractions in Sewage Sludge from a Selected Municipal Sewage Treatment Plant. Rocznik Ochrona Środowiska. 2021; 23. https://doi.org/10.54740/ros.2021.025

ACM Style
Wojciula, A., Boruszko, D., Kacprzak, A. 2021. Distribution of Heavy Metal Fractions in Sewage Sludge from a Selected Municipal Sewage Treatment Plant. Rocznik Ochrona Środowiska. 23. DOI:https://doi.org/10.54740/ros.2021.025

ACS Style
Wojciula, A.; Boruszko, D.; Kacprzak, A. Distribution of Heavy Metal Fractions in Sewage Sludge from a Selected Municipal Sewage Treatment Plant Rocznik Ochrona Środowiska 2021, 23, 369-383. https://doi.org/10.54740/ros.2021.025

APA Style
Wojciula, A., Boruszko, D., Kacprzak, A. (2021). Distribution of Heavy Metal Fractions in Sewage Sludge from a Selected Municipal Sewage Treatment Plant. Rocznik Ochrona Środowiska, 23, 369-383. https://doi.org/10.54740/ros.2021.025

ABNT Style
WOJCIULA, A.; BORUSZKO, D.; KACPRZAK, A. Distribution of Heavy Metal Fractions in Sewage Sludge from a Selected Municipal Sewage Treatment Plant. Rocznik Ochrona Środowiska, v. 23, p. 369-383, 2021. https://doi.org/10.54740/ros.2021.025

Chicago Style
Wojciula, Ada, Boruszko, Dariusz, Kacprzak, Amadeusz. 2021. "Distribution of Heavy Metal Fractions in Sewage Sludge from a Selected Municipal Sewage Treatment Plant". Rocznik Ochrona Środowiska 23, 369-383. https://doi.org/10.54740/ros.2021.025

Harvard Style
Wojciula, A., Boruszko, D., Kacprzak, A. (2021) "Distribution of Heavy Metal Fractions in Sewage Sludge from a Selected Municipal Sewage Treatment Plant", Rocznik Ochrona Środowiska, 23, pp. 369-383. doi:https://doi.org/10.54740/ros.2021.025

IEEE Style
A. Wojciula, D. Boruszko, A. Kacprzak, "Distribution of Heavy Metal Fractions in Sewage Sludge from a Selected Municipal Sewage Treatment Plant", RoczOchrSrod, vol 23, pp. 369-383. https://doi.org/10.54740/ros.2021.025