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Rocznik Ochrona Środowiska 2021, vol. 23, pp. 655-671


peopleKonrad Podawca This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.orcid, peopleAgata Pawłat-Zawrzykraj orcid

institution  Institute of Environmental Engineering, Warsaw University of Life Sciences, Poland
mail author This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
doi1 https://doi.org/10.54740/ros.2021.046
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abstract 


Flood prevention has become one of the most important priorities of public safety and risk mitigation in Poland. The study presents an evaluation of the actions implemented in 16 voivodships of Poland in the field of flood prevention and water retention. Voivodships correspond to individual regions of the country. The analysis covering the period of 2003-2018 was carried out on the basis of data obtained mainly from Local Data Bank. A set of indicators, divided into infrastructural and economic ones were applied. The assessment of technical measures covered two basic types of hydro engineering facilities: flood embankments and retention reservoirs. The economic indicators illustrate the expenditures incurred on the implementation of technical means of flood prevention. The obtained results provide means to categorise the voivodships into subsets. Units similar in terms of the carried out water management were assigned to 4 types. Voividships similar in terms of the expenditures designated to the implementation of water management tasks were divided into 4 groups. Taking into account the dynamics of the investments and financial outlays on water management measures related to the existing flood risk assessment, the situation is satisfactory in 4 voivodships, but insufficient or unsatisfactory in 7 of them. The obtained results show that in order to achieve the flood prevention levels required in the studied regions additional actions are necessary, including but not limited to technical measures.

 keywords


water management, flood protection, retention, regional differentiation, multi-indicator analysis

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AMA Style
Podawca K, Pawłat-Zawrzykraj A. Evaluation of Technical Measures Implemented in the Field of Flood Protection and Water Retention in Poland During the Period of 2003-2018. Rocznik Ochrona Środowiska. 2021; 23. https://doi.org/10.54740/ros.2021.046

ACM Style
Podawca, K., Pawłat-Zawrzykraj, A. 2021. Evaluation of Technical Measures Implemented in the Field of Flood Protection and Water Retention in Poland During the Period of 2003-2018. Rocznik Ochrona Środowiska. 23. DOI:https://doi.org/10.54740/ros.2021.046

ACS Style
Podawca, K.; Pawłat-Zawrzykraj, A. Evaluation of Technical Measures Implemented in the Field of Flood Protection and Water Retention in Poland During the Period of 2003-2018 Rocznik Ochrona Środowiska 2021, 23, 655-671. https://doi.org/10.54740/ros.2021.046

APA Style
Podawca, K., Pawłat-Zawrzykraj, A. (2021). Evaluation of Technical Measures Implemented in the Field of Flood Protection and Water Retention in Poland During the Period of 2003-2018. Rocznik Ochrona Środowiska, 23, 655-671. https://doi.org/10.54740/ros.2021.046

ABNT Style
PODAWCA, K.; PAWŁAT-ZAWRZYKRAJ, A. Evaluation of Technical Measures Implemented in the Field of Flood Protection and Water Retention in Poland During the Period of 2003-2018. Rocznik Ochrona Środowiska, v. 23, p. 655-671, 2021. https://doi.org/10.54740/ros.2021.046

Chicago Style
Podawca, Konrad, Pawłat-Zawrzykraj, Agata. 2021. "Evaluation of Technical Measures Implemented in the Field of Flood Protection and Water Retention in Poland During the Period of 2003-2018". Rocznik Ochrona Środowiska 23, 655-671. https://doi.org/10.54740/ros.2021.046

Harvard Style
Podawca, K., Pawłat-Zawrzykraj, A. (2021) "Evaluation of Technical Measures Implemented in the Field of Flood Protection and Water Retention in Poland During the Period of 2003-2018", Rocznik Ochrona Środowiska, 23, pp. 655-671. doi:https://doi.org/10.54740/ros.2021.046

IEEE Style
K. Podawca, A. Pawłat-Zawrzykraj, "Evaluation of Technical Measures Implemented in the Field of Flood Protection and Water Retention in Poland During the Period of 2003-2018", RoczOchrSrod, vol 23, pp. 655-671. https://doi.org/10.54740/ros.2021.046