Anna Kowalczyk, Tadeusz Piecuch, Ludmiła Andriyevska
The main objective of this study was to provide a method for reducing odor nuisance and checking to what extent the essential oil affects the quality of the mechanical dewatering of municipal sewage sludge. Pine essential oil was used as a substitute of the flocculant in the process of centrifugal sedimentation of sewage sludge. The study was divided into two stages. In the first stage of the research was essential oil from pine needles was produced in the process of steam distillation. In the second part of the research process of mechanical dewatering of municipal sewage sludge on a laboratory sedimentation centrifuge MPW-350 was carried out with the use for this process pine essential oil (produced in the first stage of the study) and flocculant ZETAG® 9048FS. Constant parameters of centrifugal sedimentation were: centrifugation time was t [min.] (assumed centrifugation time t = 1 min.) and centrifuge speed n [1/min.] (assumed n = 2400 1/min.). Independent variable parameters were: dose of flocculant C [ml of flocculant solution /dm3 of sludge] and the dose of essential oil D [cm3/100 cm3 of sludge]. Based on extensive investigations carried out, it was found that the pine essential oil effectively neutralizes unpleasant odors emitted in the process of mechanical dewatering of municipal sewage sludge during laboratory centrifuge sedimentation. With increasing doses of the pine essential oil time of effective neutralization of unpleasant odors increases, both in the dewatered sludge and effluent. Dose of added flocculant affects the time of effective neutralization of odors by pine essential oil. Together with an increase of flocculant dose, duration of odor neutralization in sludge and effluent decreases. With the increase in the dose of essential oil water content in the sludge decreases. This relationship is maintained for all used concentrations of flocculant dose. With the increase in the dose of essential oil solids concentration in effluent decreases. This relationship is maintained for all used concentrations of flocculant dose. Application of the results of this study requires a technical and economic analysis and determination of the feasibility of the proposed method. This will be the subject of a separate publication.
zastosowanie olejku; osady ściekowe
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